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Jewelry Care Instructions: All You Need to Know

By Michaela Farkasovska || Jul 11, 2019

Is it important to care for your jewelry? And, do you know how to care for your jewelry?

The need to care for your jewelry goes without saying. Whether you own diamond, silver, fine or heirloom jewelry, it needs proper care.

Even though some jewelry is created to last a lifetime, they can wear out due to various factors not limited to wear and tear. They fade over time despite initially looking beautiful.

With proper handling, cleaning and wearing with care, your jewelry can last a lifetime. When worn, put in storage or transported, jewelry requires proper care.

Caring for your jewelry ensures they don’t lose their shine and keep shining for years. Learning to care for your jewelry will ensure that you get to enjoy the full benefits that come with owning unique pieces of art, atop preserving them for future generations.

Here’re jewelry care instructions you can follow to ensure your jewelry always look as good as new with consistent quality and luster.

How to Take Care of Your Jewelry – Necklaces, Earrings, Rings, Bracelets, etc.


Diamond Jewelry Care

Diamond is the hardest natural material, but still susceptible to damages. Although rare, diamonds can also chip, crack and even scratch.

Fine Jewelry that’s often worn such as engagement and wedding rings are susceptible to chips. Diamonds in rings can chip at the girdle, the widest and thinnest point on a diamond. With a chip, a diamond can then break especially when it is subjected to hard blow or great pressure. Therefore, proper care is recommended when engaging in manual work, sports or even heavy lifting.

Store your diamond jewelry separately from other jewelry to prevent scratches. If you’re unable to store your hard gemstones separately, wrap them with anti-tarnish paper before storage to prevent scratches.

Use alcohol to safely clean diamonds, sapphires along with rubies and other nonporous and hard materials. Alcohol or a weak solution of ammonia can clear away fingerprints and body oils from your diamond jewelry. Harsh chemicals and chlorine can also corrode and fade your jewelry. Therefore, avoid using harsh cleaners and solutions with chlorine.

To give your diamond jewelry a sparkle, dip it in a bowl of warm water mixed with mild dish detergent and leave it for a few minutes. Scrub it gently with a soft toothbrush. Rinse the jewelry with clean warm water and dry with a soft cloth to polish it.

You can also use a polishing kit or an ultrasonic cleaner to remove any tarnish on your diamond jewelry or give it an extra shine. Alternatively, take it to a reputable jeweler for polishing. This is more so true for diamond rings and earrings.

Sterling Silver Care

Silver tarnishes fast upon getting in contact with sulfur or oxygen. Wear your sterling silver jewelry often to ensure the oils your skin produces protects it from tarnishing. Keep your jewelry in an airtight container for jewelry such as a Ziploc to store it when not in use.

Add anti-tarnishing strips to a plastic bag to prevent your jewelry from tarnishing. Use a jewelry polishing cloth to clean your silver jewelry if it’s tarnished.

Don’t use polyester, paper or coarse fabrics to clean your sterling silver jewelry because the metal is soft and can easily scratch. Use 100% nub-free flannel or cotton cloth to gently rub dirt off your jewelry and restore its shine. Be careful because even the dirt deposits can easily scratch your art pieces.

Keep your jewelry in airtight plastic bags, anti-tarnish jewelry bags or boxes to prevent your jewelry from oxidizing and darkening. Don’t use harsh chemicals to clean your silver jewelry to prevent abrasions and a reduction in metallic luster. If it’s exposed to water when polishing with warm water and a gentle detergent, dry it thoroughly with a soft cotton cloth after rinsing

Oxidized Silver Care

Oxidized silver with a matte, black finish doesn’t require polishing. Use lukewarm water and a clean cloth to clean your matte jewelry without using cleaning agents and soap that can easily eliminate its oxidization patina.

With continued use, your jewelry can easily lose its patina and become shiny. Take it to a reputable jeweler for re-oxidization. Don’t store your sterling silver jewelry with oxidized silver jewelry because the latter can easily tarnish the former.

Gold Jewelry Care

Learn how to care for gold jewelry with these gold jewelry care tips.

Gold is a soft metal that can easily scratch or dent. Harsh chemicals such as chlorine can easily tamper with the structure of your gold jewelry. Cleaning is only recommended when your gold jewelry visibly has dirt on it. Body lotion, oil from your skin and makeup can easily make your gold jewelry dirty.

If your gold is pure without gemstones in its structure, clean it with soap and lukewarm water. Gently scrub it with a soft toothbrush. Otherwise, wipe it with a clean damp cloth without soaking it. For soaked gold jewelry, rinse with clean water to remove all traces of soap then dry it with a soft cloth.

Let the gemstone parts of your gold jewelry be on the upper side to prevent absorption of moisture.

Other Gemstone Jewelry Care

Soft, gemstones like pearls, coral, ivory, opals or turquoise require gentle care. Avoid storing them in tight zip-lock bags. Instead, store them in a breathable place. Most of the gemstones can be cleaned as explained in the general jewelry care instructions below, but certain gems cannot.

Coral, pearl, and turquoise, for example, should only be wiped down with a damp cloth and dried thoroughly. This is because, if submerged in water, its chemicals and minerals will remain in the gemstone and will end up ruining it over a period of time. Hence, wiping with a soft cloth after wearing is all that these stones need.

Top 4 General Jewelry Care Tips for Different Materials

The following jewelry care instructions can apply to your jewelry items.

1. Store Your Jewelry Correctly

Avoid entanglements, scratches, and damage of your jewelry by storing it in separate pouches and consider investing in a jewelry box with compartments that can safely organize and store your pieces.

Hard gemstones, such as diamonds, sapphires should not be stored with soft ones, e.g.: moonstone, opal in order to avoid damage from possible contact with another. If you do not have a pouch or a jewelry box available, wrapping each piece of jewelry separately in the soft anti-tarnish paper is a good option.

It is normal for sterling silver jewelry to tarnish over time, which you can prevent by storing it in air-tight zip log bag.

All Michaela Farkasovska Fine Jewelry comes in a padded box when purchased, which can be used for future storage or when traveling, to prevent damage or loss. We recommend removing jewelry before, undertaking strenuous activities, showering or going to sleep.

2. Stay Clear of Chemicals

A simple rule to keep your jewelry clean is to avoid having it on when applying hairspray, makeup, lotions, washing dishes or cleaning with any chemicals. This will prevent oil and dirt build-up when using lotions, and avoid stains, deterioration, or surface abrasions when using chemicals.

Swimming in chlorinated pools and using household cleaners while wearing valuable jewelry should be avoided at all costs.

3. Use Simple Cleaning Methods

Jewelry made of gold, sterling silver, platinum, or palladium, can be safely cleaned with warm soapy water. Use mild soap and a soft brush (can be replaced with a water-pulsed dental brush or a lint-free cloth) to gently clean away dirt and dust. Always quickly rinse in a cup to avoid potential loss of a gemstone.

However, annual professional cleaning should be considered for important pieces and best upkeep.

Although professional ultrasonic cleaning kits can be purchased online, use them with caution as they should not be used on every metal nor gemstone in your jewelry. The vibrations from the device may also cause loosening of certain gemstones or corroding of metal.

When in doubt, we recommend reaching out to a professional jeweler for advice or cleaning.

4. Keep Away from Extreme Temperatures/ Sudden Temperature Changes

Extreme and sudden temperature changes can cause fractures in certain gemstones. Prolonged exposure to sunlight can lead to bleaching (in delicate materials such as pearls or ivory) or darkening (in materials like amber).

Certain gemstones, for example, topaz, can suffer from color fading or damage. Pearls and opals can dry out and become brittle or opaque.

The DO’s

1. Sort your jewelry according to the material.
2. Take them off before engaging in a sport.
3. Use a clean, soft cloth for cleaning to maximize the shine on your jewelry.
4. Keep them in airtight bags.
5. Clasp chains to avoid tangling.
6. Always opt for safe jewelry cleaning methods.
7. Take off jewelry before going to bed.
8. Take jewelry off first and put it on last.
9. Wipe your jewelry after every use and make sure it’s always dry.
10. Use a jewelry case when traveling to store your art pieces.
11. Insure expensive jewelry or those with special memories, values or meanings.
12. Lay pearls flat during storage so that the silk thread doesn’t stretch.
13. Treat colored gemstones to enhance their clarity and color.
14. Regularly take your jewelry to a reputable jeweler for inspection.
15. Polish silver and platinum jewelry on a regular basis to prevent tarnish.
16. Use mild soapy water and a soft brush to clean gemstone jewelry.

The DON’Ts

1. Avoid exposing your jewelry to harsh chemicals such as perfumes, hair lotions, sunlight and harsh detergents.
2. Keep threaded or beaded pearl jewelry away from water to keep its shine.
3. Avoid cleaning jewelry with damages such as scratches, chips or cracks.
4. Avoid using water to clean pearls (only damp cloths).
5. Don’t swim, shower or garden in your jewelry.
6. Never use abrasive cleaners such as washing brushes.
7. Don’t wash antique jewelry unless that’s recommended by a specialist.
8. Avoid cleaning gold jewelry with silver “dip” cleaners.

Treat your jewelry treasures with gentle care and TLC, best wrapping, and store them separately. This way, you can enjoy wearing them for many years. Whether your jewelry is made of gold, silver, pearls or diamond, learn how to care for it properly to ensure it lasts.

If you’re still unsure of how to care for your jewelry, contact us for more information on jewelry care instruction. Otherwise, feel free to order your favorite piece of jewelry if you’re looking for where to buy jewelry online.


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